Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great was a king of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon.  He was born in Pella in 356 BC the son of Philip the second and succeeded him at the age of 20 after his father has been assassinated by a rival faction in the Macedonian court.  

He spent most of his ruling years on military campaign in northeast Africa and Asia and by the age of 30 he had built one of the largest empires the world had ever seen stretching from Greece to northwestern India.

He was never defeated in battle and is considered one of history's greatest military commanders.


It had been Philip's intention to invade Persia and when Alexander became king he took up the generalship of Greece stamping his authority by defeating a Greek revolt.  He then invaded the Persian empire and in a campaign that took ten years he broke the power of the Persians and their king Darius the Third.  Alexander's two principle victories were at  Issus and Gaugamela


India and the end of the world

At that point, Alexander's empire stretched from the Greece to the border of India. Seeking to reach the end of the world he invaded India in 326 BC where he won a decisive victory over the Indian king Porus at the battle of Hydaspes River.

Alexander wanted to drive on towards China but his troops weary from battle refused to go any further and forced him to turn back. He died in Babylon which he had planned to make his capital of a fever at the early age of 32 in 323 BC.

Alexander became legendary as a classical hero,  and his battle tactics are still taught in Military academies today. He is often ranked among the most influential people in human history and the modern city of Alexandria which he founded still bears his name.