Palatine hill is the centermost of Rome's seven hills and one of the most ancient parts of the city. It looks down on the Roman forum on one side and the Circus Maximus on the other. In legend it was the birthplace of Romulus and Remus (twin sons of Mars) who abandoned were suckled and raised by a she-wolf and were later the founders of Rome.
The Roman elite and later on the Emperors (Augustus was born there) built their luxury villas there to be close to the forum and the word Palace derives from Palatine. It became the home of Roman aristocratic classes and many Temples to the gods.
After the fall
After the fall of the Roman Empire the buildings fell into disrepair been used in the middle ages as a stronghold until it was abandoned. It wasn't until the renaissance that Roman noble families began to build on the Palatine again.
Most of the Palatino as it appears today is covered by the ruins of Emperor Domitian's vast complex, built in the 1st century AD which served as the main imperial palace for 300 years.
At the top of the hill, overlooking the Forum, are the Farnese Gardens. They were founded in the 16th century and were one of the earliest botanical gardens in Europe home to many rare plants and trees. From the northern end of the gardens are breathtaking views of the forum. Shrouded in legend and steeped in history, the Palatine Hill is a place of enchantment and a must see of any visitor to Rome..